Wednesday, August 24, 2011
The Gate to Martyr's Square Tripoli
Feb 15/16, 2011 - A riot in Benghazi is triggered by the arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel, who has worked to free political prisoners, Quryna newspaper reports.
February 17 - Activists designate February 17 as a day of rage. It is the anniversary of clashes in Benghazi in 2006 when security forces killed protesters attacking the consulate of the former colonial power Italy.
February 24 - Anti-government militias take control of central coastal city of Misrata after evicting forces loyal to Gaddafi.
February 26 - The U.N. Security Council imposes sanctions on Gaddafi and his family, and refers Libya's crackdown on rebels to the International Criminal Court (ICC).
February 28 - EU governments approve a package of sanctions against Gaddafi and his closest advisers including an arms embargo and bans on travel to the bloc.
March 5 - The rebel National Transitional Council meets in Benghazi and declares itself the sole representative for Libya.
March 10 - France recognizes the National Transitional Council (NTC) as legitimate representative of Libya's people. Libya suspends diplomatic relations with France the next day.
March 16 - Forces loyal to Gaddafi approach rebel-held Benghazi. Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam tells France-based TV channel Euronews: "Everything will be over in 48 hours."
March 17 - The U.N. Security Council votes to authorize a no-fly zone over Libya and "all necessary measures" -- code for military action -- to protect civilians against Gaddafi's army.
March 19 - The first air strikes halt the advance of Gaddafi's forces on Benghazi and target Libya's air defenses.
March 28 - Qatar becomes the first Arab country to recognize Libya's rebels as the people's legitimate representatives.
March 29 - A London conference of 40 governments and organizations agrees to set up a contact group comprising 20 countries to coordinate efforts in a post-Gaddafi Libya.
March 30 - Libyan Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa defects and flies to Britain.
April 10 - Gaddafi accepts a roadmap for ending the conflict, South African President Jacob Zuma says after leading a delegation of four African leaders at talks in Tripoli. Rebels reject the plan the next day.
April 30 - A NATO missile attack on a house in Tripoli kills Gaddafi's youngest son and three grandchildren.
May 30 - In his first appearance in a month, Gaddafi renews a ceasefire call in talks with visiting South African President Zuma but gives no sign he will heed demands to step down.
June 1 - Libya's top oil official Shokri Ghanem appears in Rome, saying he defected because of the relentless bloodshed.
June 8 - Western and Arab nations meet rebels in Abu Dhabi, discussing what U.S. officials call the "end-game" for Gaddafi.
June 15 - Gaddafi's government approves $31.4 billion budget for the rest of 2011, to show it is functioning as normal.
June 27 - The ICC issues arrest warrants for Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi on charges of crimes against humanity.
July 15 - The rebel NTC wins U.S. recognition as the legitimate government of Libya at a meeting in Turkey of the contact group on Libya.
July 26 - U.N. envoy Abdul Elah al-Khatib says after talks with Libya's prime minister that the government and the rebels remain far apart in efforts to end the crisis.
July 27 - Rebels win diplomatic recognition from Britain, which also expels the remaining Gaddafi diplomats from London.
July 28 - Abdel Fattah Younes, Gaddafi's former interior minister who defected to the rebels on February 22 and became their military chief, is killed in mysterious circumstances.
Aug 9 - Gaddafi's government accuses NATO of killing 85 civilians in an air strike near Zlitan, west of Misrata.
Aug 14 - Libyan rebels take the center of Zawiyah, 50 km (30 miles) west of Tripoli, cutting the coastal highway to Tunisia that keeps the capital supplied with food and fuel.
Aug 15 - In a barely audible telephone call to state television, Gaddafi calls on his followers to liberate Libya from rebels and NATO. "Get ready for the fight ... The blood of martyrs is fuel for the battlefield," he says.
-- Insurgents say they have captured Garyan, which controls the highway leading south from Tripoli.
Aug 16 - Rebels say they have completed moves to cut off roads to the capital after rapid advances in the west.
BATTLE OF TRIPOLI
Aug 20 - Explosions and gunfire rattle Tripoli after days of battlefield defeats leave Gaddafi's government and troops besieged in the capital
Aug 21 - Rebels enter Tripoli with little resistance.
-- Gaddafi makes two audio addresses over state television calling on Libyans to fight off the rebel "rats" and saying he is in the capital and will be "with you until the end"
-- Rebels reach Green Square, the symbolic showcase the government had until recently used for mass demonstrations in support of Gaddafi. Rebels rename it Martyrs Square.
-- Libyan rebels say they have detained three of Gaddafi's sons, including Saif al-Islam, wanted for war crimes.
Aug 22 - Libyan government tanks and snipers put up scattered, last-ditch resistance in Tripoli after rebels sweep into the heart of the capital, cheered on by crowds.
Aug 23 - Saif al Islam, waving in triumph and taunting his father's enemies, surfaces in Tripoli overnight to prove he remains a free man, not a captive as rebels had claimed.
-- Insurgents later pour into Gaddafi's compound in Tripoli and have been seen firing in the air in celebration, Reuters reporters on the scene say. Pro-Gaddafi forces initially resist but the fighting subsequently ends.
-- Russian chess federation chief Kirsan Ilyumzhinov says Gaddafi has told him by telephone that he is still in Tripoli, alive and well.